引用-Web troubleshooting分析常用的命令

Amplify’d from linux-guys.blogspot.com
系統連接狀態

1.查看TCP連接狀態

netstat -nat |awk ‘{print $6}’|sort|uniq -c|sort -rn

netstat -n | awk ‘/^tcp/ {++S[$NF]};END {for(a in S) print a, S[a]}’

netstat -n | awk ‘/^tcp/ {++state[$NF]}; END {for(key in state) print key,”t”,state[key]}’

netstat -n | awk ‘/^tcp/ {++arr[$NF]};END {for(k in arr) print k,”t”,arr[k]}’

netstat -n |awk ‘/^tcp/ {print $NF}’|sort|uniq -c|sort -rn

netstat -ant | awk ‘{print $NF}’ | grep -v ‘[a-z]’ | sort | uniq -c

2.查看請求數前20個IP

netstat -anlp|grep 80|grep tcp|awk ‘{print $5}’|awk -F: ‘{print $1}’|sort|uniq -c|sort -nr|head -n20

netstat -ant |awk ‘/:80/{split($5,ip,”:”);++A[ip[1]]}END{for(i in A) print A[i],i}’ |sort -rn|head -n20

3.用tcpdump嗅探80埠的存取前20幾名

tcpdump -i eth0 -tnn dst port 80 -c 1000 | awk -F”.” ‘{print $1″.”$2″.”$3″.”$4}’ | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr |head -20

4.查看前20名較多time_wait連接

netstat -n|grep TIME_WAIT|awk ‘{print $5}’|sort|uniq -c|sort -rn|head -n20

5.找查較多的SYN連接

netstat -an | grep SYN | awk ‘{print $5}’ | awk -F: ‘{print $1}’ | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | more

6.根據埠列進程

netstat -ntlp | grep 80 | awk ‘{print $7}’ | cut -d/ -f1

網站日誌分析篇(Apache Log)

1.獲得存取前10位的ip位址

cat access.log|awk ‘{print $1}’|sort|uniq -c|sort -nr|head -10

cat access.log|awk ‘{counts[$(11)]+=1}; END {for(url in counts) print counts[url], url}’

2.存取次數最多前20名的檔案或頁面

cat access.log|awk ‘{print $11}’|sort|uniq -c|sort -nr|head -20

3.列出傳輸最大前20名的幾個exe檔案(分析下載站的時候常用)

cat access.log |awk ‘($7~/.exe/){print $10 ” ” $1 ” ” $4 ” ” $7}’|sort -nr|head -20

4.列出輸出大於200000byte(約200kb)的exe檔以及對應檔案發生次數

cat access.log |awk ‘($10 > 200000 && $7~/.exe/){print $7}’|sort -n|uniq -c|sort -nr|head -100

5.列出到用戶端最耗時的頁面

cat access.log |awk  ‘($7~/.php/){print $NF ” ” $1 ” ” $4 ” ” $7}’|sort -nr|head -100

6.列出最最耗時的頁面(超過60秒的)的以及對應頁面發生次數

cat access.log |awk ‘($NF > 60 && $7~/.php/){print $7}’|sort -n|uniq -c|sort -nr|head -100

7.列出傳輸時間超過 30 秒的檔案

cat access.log |awk ‘($NF > 30){print $7}’|sort -n|uniq -c|sort -nr|head -20

8.統計網站流量(G)

cat access.log |awk ‘{sum+=$10} END {print sum/1024/1024/1024}’

9.統計代碼404的連接

awk ‘($9 ~/404/)’ access.log | awk ‘{print $9,$7}’ | sort

10. 統計http status

cat access.log |awk ‘{counts[$(9)]+=1}; END {for(code in counts) print code, counts[code]}’

cat access.log |awk ‘{print $9}’|sort|uniq -c|sort -rn

11.查看是哪些蜘蛛在抓取內容

/usr/sbin/tcpdump -i eth0 -l -s 0 -w – dst port 80 | strings | grep -i user-agent | grep -i -E ‘bot|crawler|slurp|spider’

12.統計各HTTP 狀態數

cat tmp.log | awk -F’ ‘ ‘$9 == “400” || $9 == “408” || $9 == “499” || $9 == “500” || $9 ==”502″ || $9 ==”504″ {print $9}’ | sort | uniq -c | more

13.過濾出訪問網站的IP

grep -o ‘[0-9]{1,3}.[0-9]{1,3}.[0-9]{1,3}.[0-9]{1,3}’ access.log >ip.txt

網站日分析(Squid篇)

按域統計流量

zcat squid_access.log.tar.gz| awk ‘{print $10,$7}’ |awk ‘BEGIN{FS=”[ /]”}{trfc[$4]+=$1}END{for(domain in trfc){printf “%st%dn”,domain,trfc[domain]}}’

查看資料庫執行的sql

/usr/sbin/tcpdump -i eth0 -s 0 -l -w – dst port 3306 | strings | egrep -i ‘SELECT|UPDATE|DELETE|INSERT|SET|COMMIT|ROLLBACK|CREATE|DROP|ALTER|CALL’

系統Debug分析篇

1.調試命令strace -p pid

2.跟蹤指定進程的PIDgdb -p pid

更多的請參考:

http://bbs.linuxtone.org/forum-14-1.html

Read more at linux-guys.blogspot.com

 
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